CRCA announces the inception of the Women’s Collegiate Rowing Coaches Hall of Fame.
Mission: To provide a forum to honor coaches who have achieved competitive excellence over their careers and individuals who have had a major impact on Collegiate Women’s Rowing.
Nominations: Candidates may be nominated by any CRCA member, limited to one candidate per institution annually. Nominations are due February 15, and must be on the CRCA Hall of Fame Nomination Form.
Selection: Selection is made by the CRCA Hall of Fame Selection Committee. Selections are scheduled to be announced March 15.
Induction Ceremony will be held annually at the NCAA Championship.
2014 Hall of Fame Inductees
Anita Lucette DeFrantzWhile a young girl, DeFrantz began her athletic career as a member of a swim team. At Connecticut College, she tried out for basketball and made the team, even though she did not know how to play the game. It wasn’t until her sophomore year that she discovered rowing and knew she had found her sport. Four years later, after she had begun her study of law at Penn, she competed at the 1976 Montreal Olympics as a member of the U.S. women’s eight-oared shell winning the Bronze medal.
Anita DeFrantz was convinced, however, that she could do better and was determined to try for the gold at the 1980 Moscow Olympics. She won a silver medal at the 1978 World Championships and was a United States National Champion six times. When Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan led the United States to boycott the 1980 Olympics, DeFrantz was extremely disappointed and filed a lawsuit based upon her conviction that it was the athlete’s choice to compete and no one could force an athlete to go or not go to the Olympics. She lost the lawsuit but she received a medal for her efforts from the IOC (International Olympic Committee).
Immediately after law school, DeFrantz worked as an attorney in a juvenile law center. But, even after she ceased to compete as an Olympic rower, the Olympics became the center of her professional life. She has worked to shape the Olympic experience so that it promotes pure and clean sports; she has done this, not as an outside critic, but as a part of Olympic organizations at the national and international level.
De Frantz has been a part of the Olympics as both a volunteer member of boards and committees and also as a paid staff person. A member of the USOC since 1976, she was hired in 1984 by the USOC to serve as vice president of the Los Angeles Games committee; she has directed Olympic Village housing projects for the 1984, 1988 and 1996 games. She was also chosen to serve as president and a member of the board of directors of the Amateur Athletic Foundation in Los Angeles. This foundation was formed to manage the $94 million surplus that was Southern California’s share from the Los Angeles Olympic Games; it awards grants to youth sports organizations and manages a sports resource center that includes an extensive sports library.
In 1986 DeFrantz became the first woman and the first African American to represent the United States on the International Olympic Committee. Eleven years later, in 1997, she was elected to serve a four-year term as the IOC’s first female vice president. As she continues on the IOC board, her activities include serving as chair of the Commission on Women and Sports.
As he enters his 30th season as the head coach of the Brown women’s crew, John Murphy is considered the premier coach in the nation. Along with his wife, associate head coach Phoebe Murphy, he has won seven NCAA championships in the 16 seasons since the competition began, and has never finished lower than fifth in the country. After winning the program’s first championship in 1999, Murphy and the Bears went on to win again in 2000, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2008 and 2011 an astonishing run of seven titles in 13 years. Murphy is also a six-time winner of the EAWRC Coach of the Year award, taking home the honor in 1988, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002, and 2008.
In 2011, the Bears showed a true team effort, coming from behind to end in virtual tie with Stanford in the final event. Thanks to Brown’s higher finish in the varsity eight race (less than a second difference) the Bears were awarded their seventh national championship crown while under the tutelage of the Murphy’s.
Murphy was recognized by US Rowing with the Fan’s Choice Award for the National Collegiate Coach of the Year 2011, presented at the inaugural Golden Oars Awards Dinner at the New York Athletic Club.
In 2008 the Bears easily won the team title with an impressive eight-point margin over second place Washington. The second varsity eight led the way for Bruno, winning a gold medal with a time of 6:42, more than two seconds ahead of the next boat. The varsity eight and varsity four each took the bronze, illustrating Brown’s depth and team approach. The combination was enough to give the Bears 67 points, well ahead of the rest of the field.
At the 2007 NCAA Division I Rowing Championships in Oak Ridge, TN, all three of Bruno’s crews made it into the Grand Finals and captured its fifth NCAA Championship in 10 years. After the season, Murphy guided the crew to a semifinal appearance at the Henley Royal Regatta in London, England. To top off the successful 2007 season, Murphy also had one student athlete named to the First Team of the District I ESPN The Magazine Academic All-America team.
In 2004, the second varsity eight went undefeated as Brown captured first place in both the varsity and second varsity eight races at the national championships in Sacramento, CA. Brown finished its 2002 season undefeated in the regular season and ended with a record of 10-1, earning its third national title. In 2001 the Bears finished third in the NCAA Championships at Lake Lanier in Gainesville, GA. The team compiled an 11-1 overall record and captured its fourth straight Eastern Championship on Cooper River in Camden, New Jersey.
In 2000, Murphy was named the Division I Rowing Coach of the Year by the CRCA (College Rowing Coaches Association) after his crew captured its second consecutive NCAA Division I Rowing Championship with victories in the varsity and second varsity races at Cooper River. In addition to a second consecutive NCAA title, the Bears’ won the 2000 Eastern Sprints title and an Ivy League championship. In 1999, Murphy led his crew to the first NCAA Division I Championship in Brown University history after defeating the University of Virginia by a three-second margin at the NCAA Championship at Lake Natoma in Rancho Cordova, California. The Bears’ also captured the Eastern Sprints Championships and the Ivy Championship while setting a new course record.
Murphy coached the ’98 women’s crew team in the prestigious Henley Regatta in London, England. In 1997, he guided the crew to a third place finish at the inaugural NCAA women’s rowing championship on Lake Natoma in Rancho Cordova, California. That year, his varsity four won the first gold medals ever awarded at the NCAA championship. After finishing the 1996 season undefeated, Coach Murphy’s crew became the first women’s crew to capture the “Triple Crown” of collegiate racing – the Eastern Sprints, the IRAs, and the National Collegiate Rowing Championship. Murphy coached his crew to back-to-back IRA Championships in 1993 and 1994.
He also tallied an EAWRC team Championship in 1990, capturing the Charles G. Willing trophy after winning gold medals in the first varsity and the second varsity. Coach Murphy was recognized in ’88 being named the EAWRC coach of the year after his varsity eight captured the Women’s Eastern Sprints Championship for the first time in Brown history. Murphy began his coaching career in 1976 at Cal-Berkeley where he was responsible for the men’s novice crew. He continued to coach the men’s novice crew in 1977 and 1978.
In 1979-80, Murphy coached the women’s novice crew at the University of Washington with the first novice eight going undefeated in the Pac-10 and claiming the West Coast Championship. Murphy returned to Cal-Berkeley as the novice women’s coach in 1980, winning the Pac-10 West Coast Championship in 1981. His 1982 and 1983 crews were both silver medal winners and his 1984 crew were undefeated National Champions.
Murphy attended Kent School and Columbia University. At Kent, he captained the National Schoolboy Championship crew and rowed in the Royal Henley Regatta in his junior and senior years. He and his wife, Phoebe, have three children, Jack, Penelope and the late Patrick D. Murphy, and reside in Barrington, Rhode Island.
Murphy’s Career Awards
EAWRC Coach of the Year: 1988, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002, & 2008
CRCA National Coach of the Year: 2000, 2004, & 2008
CRCA Regional Coach of the Year: 2000, 2002, & 2008
Words Unlimited Coach of the Year: 1999
Words Unlimited Co-Coach of the Year (with wife, Phoebe): 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
US Rowing Ernestine Bayer Award for significant contributions to women’s rowing: 2007
Duffy Dwyer Memorial Award: 2004
Words Unlimited Team of the Year: 2004
Outstanding Athletic Achievement in Intercollegiate Athletics Award: 2002 & 2004
US Rowing Golden Oars National Collegiate Coach of the Year: 2011
Entering her 25th season with the Brown program, Phoebe Murphy, wife of Head Coach John Murphy, has helped lead the Bears to unprecedented success. Under the Murphy’s leadership, Brown has become the winningest program in NCAA Championship history, winning seven NCAA rowing championships in the last 13 years.
Murphy, who was named the associate head coach in 2010, has provided steady leadership and an amazing knack for getting the most out of her student-athletes. She was named the CRCA Assistant Coach of the Year in 2011 after helping guide the Brown squad to its unprecedented seventh NCAA Division I Championship.
The husband-wife duo of John and Phoebe has helped the Bears become one the most respected programs in the country as they continuously compete for National Championships.
In the 2007 season, Murphy’s novice eights and second varsity eights went undefeated during the regular season and went on to win the Grand Finals at the EAWRC Sprints. The second eights placed third at the NCAA Championships in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and helped Brown claim an NCAA Championship. In 2004, the second varsity eights and second novice eights went undefeated winning gold medals at the Eastern Sprints. The second varsity eights also placed first in the grand finals at the NCAA Championships.
In 1999, Murphy’s first novice crew posted a perfect 10-0 record while the second novice boat compiled an unblemished record of 8-0. Both the first and second novice boats captured the EAWRC Championship. It is no surprise that she was voted the EAWRC novice coach of the year.
A distinguished athlete, Murphy began her career as a single sculler. She captained the Brown crew in 1980 and stroked the varsity four which won the National Championship in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Her other accomplishments include a Junior National Championship at age 16, gold medals in the Lightweight single at the Head of the Charles in 1979 and 1980, and being a member of the United States Lightweight National Team which won gold medals at the U.S. Nationals as well as the Canadian Henley.
Phoebe and her husband, John, the women’s varsity coach at Brown, reside in Barrington, RI. The coaching tandem has three children, Jack, Penelope and the late Patrick D. Murphy.
Murphy’s Career Awards
EAWRC Novice Coach of the Year: 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2010
CRCA Assistant Coach of the Year: 2005, 2011
Words Unlimited Co-Coach of the Year (with husband John): 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
US Rowing Ernestine Bayer Award for significant contributions to women’s rowing: 2007
2013 Hall of Fame Inductees
This past May in 2013, Chris Combs worked his 34th EAWRC. Chris was involved in help bring the race to Lake Waramaug, CT in 1979 along with Charles “Chick” Willing, Hart Perry and Fred Emerson. The lake allowed for a six-lane buoyed course where the women’s races were 1000 meters. In 1985, the race length was extended to 1,950 meters as that was all water there was.
During the first 7 years the regatta grew from 14 crews to 18 crews as women’s rowing became an important women’s college sport with investment from colleges and commitment from the coaches and athletes. Initially Waramaugs supporters worked with South Kent to create and set course and arranged with his father to have docks built for the Inn on Lake Waramaug ( Chris family’s business) that could be used for shells. Prior to races he helped manage the weekly coaches Poll done in the early years on the phone and with faxes and the USPS. During Sprints he worked as dockmaster during races.
In 1986 Chick Willing passed the job of race director to Chris Combs. Now he was managing the event as well as working with coaches in fall, planning for next season and developing administrative aspects with the executive committee. During the spring season, he continued with the weekly polls, while preparing for the championship event race. Because of the support of the coaches he received and the development of friendships he made, any work he did to help advocate women’s rowing an honor.
In 1997, women’s rowing became an NCAA sponsored championship, and due to the NCAA selection criteria, the Women’s Sprints left Lake Waramaug and headed to the Cooper River. With full support of the coaches, Chris remained regatta director and helped the Women’s Sprints get up and running in Cherry Hill, working with the local organizing group.
2011 Hall of Fame Inductees
Christine Grant became the first women’s athletic director at Iowa in 1973, a post she held until her retirement in 2000. Under her direction, Iowa’s athletics department grew to include 12 NCAA championship sports that won a combined 27 Big Ten Conference titles. Throughout her career, Grant was honored by NACWAA, the Women’s Basketball Coaches Association, the Women’s Sports Foundation and the National Association for Girls and Women in Sport. Grant also served as associate professor within the Department of Physical Education for Women (1973-2006).
Christine Grant was instrumental in getting women’s rowing to become an NCAA sport with the inaugural championship being held in 1997 in Sacramento, CA. Grant was on the NCAA Rowing Championship committee who worked on the design and format of the championship.
Grant is best known for her fight for gender equity in athletics. She testified before Congress several times and served as a consultant for the Civil Rights Title IX Task Force. She was a founding member of the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women and served in a variety of leadership roles with that organization. She also has held several positions with the National Association of Collegiate Women Athletics Administrators (NACWAA), including the presidency from 1987-89. Grant has spoken and published widely and has held numerous leadership positions as an advocate of gender equity in sports. She served as the president of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) from 1980 to 1981. She received numerous awards and honors, including the prestigious Billie Jean King Award presented by the Women’s Sports Foundation, two honorary doctorates, and induction into the University of Iowa Athletics Hall of Fame and the Iowa Women’s Hall of Fame.
2009 Hall of Fame Inductee
Nat Case took over an infant Yale Women’s rowing program in the fall of 1973 and immediately propelled the program to explosive growth, resulting in its ascendancy to a perennial national power. The Bulldogs posted an impressive 122-29 record in Nat’s 19 years of coaching at Yale.
Nat’s Yale crews won five national championships, in addition to his varsity and second varsity crews combining to claim eight Eastern Sprints titles from 1974 – 1993, the most prolific of any other program during that era. The Program as a whole took home the Willing Trophy for overall supremacy at Eastern Sprints on three occasions.
A tough task master who maintained high expectations, offered kudos sparingly, and displayed an abiding distaste for subpar effort, Nat motivated the first generation of post Title IX athletes to prove and stretch themselves in a sport that had been dominated by American men for nearly one hundred years. He mutely encouraged his athletes to develop feisty, never-say-die, “I’ll show you” attitudes and prodigious work ethics, while keeping them focused on attacking rigorous daily practices, seeking constant improvement, and taking nothing for granted. He always maintained the utmost respect for competitors, in spite of his deep dislike of losing.
Numerous athletes who competed on Nat’s teams earned positions, followed by medals, on national and Olympic squads, including a pair of rowers on the first medal winning US national team in 1975 who helped power the U.S women’s eight to a silver in Nottingham, England.
It was also his Yale athletes who led the hand to hand combat for equal access to sports; in 1976 with a passionate and revealing demonstration, they demanded equal opportunity from the university and inspired the now famous documentary on Title IX called A Hero for Daisy. The spirit of indominable toughness that has trademarked the Yale women’s crew from its earliest years offers a testimony to Nat’s tenure, and endures as the backbone of the program to this day.
Nat coached the 1980 Women’s Olympic 4+ and the US women’s lightweight crew in 1982.
Throughout his tenure as the Yale women’s head coach, Nat also served as the Chair of the EAWRC coaches group, providing a calm, reasonable and wise voice as he supported the efforts to expand and improve the level of collegiate women’s rowing in the US, including the advent of the National Women’s Rowing Championships, a precursor to the NCAA Championships.
The CRCA is proud to induct Nat Case into its Coaches Hall of Fame.
2008 Hall of Fame Inductees
For 23 years, Jan Harville was the face of Washington women’s rowing.
Harville started as an assistant coach at the University of Washington in 1980 under then head coach Bob Ernst, and took over the program in the summer of 1987. Her impact as a head coach was immediate. She coached 11 boats to individual national titles and 41 boats to Pac-10 titles during her tenure, including a streak of 11 consecutive conference championships from 1992-2002.
Harville directed the Washington boats that won the inaugural NCAA team championship in 1997, and then defended the title in ’98, capping a two-year stint in which the varsity eight was undefeated in collegiate competition. In 2000, the University of Washington entered the newly established woman’s open eight event at the Royal Henley Regatta. Washington topped the University of Victoria in the Grand Final to win the inaugural Henley Prize. Washington is the only U.S. collegiate team to have won this prestigious event. The team won the NCAA National Championship Team title again in 2001.
A Husky through and through, Harville rowed at the UW from 1970-73, winning the team’s Most Inspirational Award in 1973. Harville received her Bachelor of Science degree in Medical Technology in 1974. Upon graduation, Harville worked as a microbiologist at Seattle’s Northwest Hospital, but continued to train as a rower. Overall, Harville trained and raced with the U.S. National Team between 1978-84. She won a bronze medal as a member of the 1979 U.S. eight in Bled, Yugoslavia. She was selected for the 1980 Olympic team, but did not row due to the United States boycott of the Moscow games. She continued to train, winning silver in the eight in the 1982 World Championships in Lucerne, Switzerland, and the 1983 World Championships in Duisberg, Germany. She competed in the coxed four in the 1984 Games in Los Angeles, finishing fourth.
In addition to her national team rowing experience, Harville is respected as an elite coach in international circles. From 1985-1988, Harville was the head of the U.S. Olympic Rowing Development Camp. She was the head coach of the 1985 U.S. Olympic Festival West Team, and in 1986 took the U.S. Olympic Goodwill Games team to compete in the Soviet Union. Also in 1986 Harville was the head coach of the U.S. Senior B Team. From 1993-1996, Harville served as assistant coach under U.S. National Team coach Hartmut Buschbacher. In 1995 she coached both the U.S. lightweight women’s straight four and the openweight women’s straight four to matching gold medals at the World Championships in Tampere, Finland. She served as a U.S. Olympic assistant rowing coach at the 1996 games in Atlanta. In 1998 she coached the U.S. lightweight women’s pair to a bronze medal at Worlds in Cologne, Germany; and she coached the U.S. women’s straight four to a bronze medal at Worlds in 1999 in St. Catherine’s, Ontario.
During the 1991 U.S. Rowing Association Convention in Seattle, Harville was inducted in the U.S. Rowing Hall of Fame as a member of the 1980 Women’s Olympic Eight. Both Harville and Washington assistant coach Eleanor McElvaine were honored by U.S. Rowing with the 1994 Woman of the Year awards in appreciation for their “outstanding service to rowing in the United States.” In 2002 the Collegiate Rowing Coaches Association (CRCA) named her National Coach of the Year. The Pac-10 recognized Harville as its Coach of the Year nine times. In 2005, she received the Ernestine Bayer Award for outstanding contributions to women’s rowing. Locally, Harville is a member of the Husky Hall of Fame and was also a recipient of the heralded Seattle Post-Intelligencer Sports Star Award in 2002.
Harville retired from coaching in 2003. She and her husband, Dan, reside in Edmonds, WA.
Sue Ela’s 26-year association with the Wisconsin women’s rowing program spanned from its creation though some of its greatest moments.
Ela began as a UW student athlete from 1972-1975. Along with Kathy Wutke, Ela is considered a founder of women’s rowing at Wisconsin – first as a club sport in the late fall of 1971, and through the transition of the sport to varsity in the fall of 1974. As an undergraduate, Ela rowed in the club’s first eight in the spring of 1972 against the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota Boat Club; she finished her undergraduate rowing career as member of Wisconsin’s first varsity eight, winning the National Women’s Rowing Association (NWRA) National Championship in 1975.
Ela went on to serve three years as an assistant rowing coach before taking over as head coach in 1979. She was the first female head coach for Wisconsin rowing, and she was the first full time head coach for the program as well. She held the head coaching position for 18 years, wrapping up her career in the spring of 1997.
As a UW assistant coach, her novice crews went undefeated in three years of competition. During her tenure as head coach, the Badger varsity openweight eight won the 1986 national championship, and posted top-five national finishes in 12 of 18 seasons. Her varsity eight crews went unbeaten at the Midwest Rowing Championships and won two Eastern Sprints titles, as well as a Head of the Charles and San Diego Crew Classic championship. She led the varsity eight to the PricewaterhouseCoopers Cup as winner of the College Eights Race at the 1995 Women’s Henley Regatta.
As the coach of the first U.S. National Women’s Lightweight Team that won gold at the 1981 Canadian Henley Rowing Championship, Ela was honored by USRowing as the “Woman of the Year” in 1989. She was also recognized as the 1995 Eastern Association of Women’s Rowing Colleges (EAWRC) Coach of the Year. She was inducted into the Madison Sports Hall of Fame in 2001.
In 2004, Ela returned to the water as UW’s interim head coach and directed the Badgers to their second NCAA championships and first since 1999.
In her career, Ela coached 11 of Wisconsin’s 14 Olympic women’s rowers and started a coaching tree that reaches from Stanford and Texas to Iowa.
2007 Hall of Fame Inductees
Ernestine Bayer, Mother of Women’s Rowing
Mrs. Bayer was a world leader in introducing women to the sport of rowing. During her lifetime she earned every award given by the national rowing association: Nominee for the Sullivan Award from rowing, member of the first Women’s rowing Olympic Committee, member of the National Rowing Foundation (NRF) Rowing Hall of Fame, First United States Gold rowing medal, Carlin Award, Coach of the Year, and named one of rowing’s 10 most influential people of the century.
Ernestine Bayer is widely regarded as the “Mother of Women’s Rowing” in the United States. She learned to row at a time when it was believed that women could not row competitively. During her lifetime she challenged that assumption again and again, refusing to take “No” for an answer on dozens of occasions when the male rowing community opposed her initiatives on behalf of women.
Ernestine Bayer founded the Philadelphia Girls Rowing Club in 1938 and for more than a half century she personally attracted thousands of rowers to the sport. Her pioneering efforts made it possible for women to row for the first time in international competition in 1973, resulting in the women’s rowing events being added to the Olympic Games in 1976. She was a member of the first Women’s Olympic Committee, and she helped establish the women’s crew program at the University of New Hampshire.
Ms. Iverson has been actively involved in the sport of Rowing since 1959. At various times she filled the offices of Captain and President while at the Philadelphia Girls Rowing Club. She co-founded the National Women’s’ Rowing Association in 1963 and the first National Women’s Rowing Championships and was instrumental in organizing the first National Championship event for collegiate crews.
In 1967 she started a club, Devon Sculls, for high school girls in the Upper Merion School District.
From 1968 until 1975 she coached the women’s crew at the University of Pennsylvania’s College Boat Club, winning various National Championships, most notably the NWRA Nationals at Seattle in 1972 – College BC won the Four/with, Pair/without and Eight as a combination boat with PGRC. Ms. Iverson was subsequently the first Coach of Women’s rowing at the University of Pennsylvania when they received Varsity Status in 1974.
In 1973 she was appointed to the United States Olympic Committee for Women’s Rowing. In the same year, she served as Manager of the first U.S. Women’s squad to compete at the European Championships in Moscow, USSR. Four College Boat Club women were on that team.
In 1976 she was appointed to President Ford’s Commission on Olympic Sports on which she served with Rafer Johnson. She served as Manager of the Women’s Olympic Rowing Team in 1976 in Montreal, Canada.
At present, Ms. Iverson is on the Board of Directors of the Vesper Boat Club in Philadelphia where she rows regularly and provides private coaching to Junior and Masters Competitors.
Patty Wyatt organized and coached the first competitive rowing program at ZLAC RC in 1964. Her crew competed at the NWRA National Championships through the 1960’s and 1970’s.
In 1973, Patty, along with Joe Jessop, Andy Borthwick and Glenn Rick, started the San Diego Crew Classic. The idea was to hold an early season collegiate event that would bring together the best collegiate crews from across the country, and to expose junior rowers to collegiate programs. Patty Wyatt was also instrumental in bringing the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic rowing and paddling events to Lake Casitas.
Fred Emerson started his rowing career at Culver Academy and went on to row at the University of Wisconsin in the early 1930’s. After graduation he began a life long commitment to support collegiate rowing where ever it needed his help. His generosity helped to provide equipment to over 60 colleges and universities.
In 1971, Fred was instrumental in founding the New England Association of Women’s Rowing Colleges. On May 14, 1972, the NEAWRC held its first regatta, thanks in great part to the efforts of Fred Emerson, who designed the course and provided almost all of the financial backing for the event.
Fred Emerson was inducted into the National Rowing Hall of Fame and in 1976 was awarded the John Carlin Service Award by US Rowing, which is awarded to honor an individual who has made significant and outstanding commitment to the sport of rowing.
Ed Lickiss entered the University of California in 1937 and began rowing for famed coach Ky Ebright. He had a successful sculling career before enlisting in the Army Air Corps for WWII. After the war he worked as an electrical contractor. He came back to rowing in 1960 when he established the Lake Merritt Rowing Club. He became the coach, director, fund raiser, and boatwright of the club.
In 1964 Ed co-founded the National Women’s Rowing Association and organized the first Women’s National Championship Regatta. In the same year Ed established a women’s crew at Mills College and a year later he established and personally funded a crew at St. Mary’s College and began a life-long commitment to that program.
In 1974-75 Ed retired from collegiate coaching to concentrate his efforts on high school rowing. He firmly believed that the sport of rowing could be used as a vehicle to assist teenagers in that transition from adolescence to adulthood. He established the Oakland Strokes Rowing Club that was open to all high school aged boys and girls.